عنوان مقاله [English]
Progressive collapse starts with local destruction of a few elements of structures, which extends into a significant part of the building. Regular buildings are designed for dead, live, wind, earthquake and other normal loads. Nevertheless, there are other possible risks and loads, including firing, vehicle collision, gas explosion, design or construction error, bomb blast, etc. These risks occur very rarely, but they may cause a catastrophic collapse; therefore, for very important structures, they should be considered in the designing phase . Infills have a considerable improvement in the stiffness and the strength of the frame. Therefore, their influences on progressive collapse of buildings should be considered. Considering such elements in structural modelling is very complicated, that’s why many standards and codes ignore their local and global effects and just consider their effects in decreasing the building natural period of vibration . However, they are considered in rehabilitation projects and should be considered in progressive collapse analyses [3-4]. Many methods have already been proposed to model solid infills in the structure; the most common approach is modelling by diagonal struts [4, 5]. For infills with openings, there is not a verified approach for the modelling. This study is to propose a method for modelling infills with and without opening and investigating their effects on progressive collapse of buildings. Perforated infills are modelled by the equivalent struts, considering the influence of the opening as a reduction factor for the width of the strut, verified in previous studies . The proposed model is verified by the results of an experimental study on San Diego Hotel, obtained by Sasani . The plan of the hotel is shown in Figure (1). The hotel had reinforced concrete structure and was destructed by explosion in two columns (A2 and A3 in Figure 1) of the first story.