ارزیابی احتمالاتی رفتار فروریزش ساختمان‌های کوتاه نامتقارن در پلان

نوع مقاله : Articles

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سنندج

2 پژوهشگاه بین المللی زلزله شناسی و مهندسی زلزله

چکیده

این مقاله به ارزیابی احتمالاتی رفتار فروریزش ساختمان‌های کوتاه پیچشی می‌پردازد. طی زلزله‌های گذشته، بسیاری از این ساختمان‌ها در معرض خرابی‌های گسترده و حتی انهدام کلی قرار گرفته‌اند. برای این منظور، مدل‌های طراحی‌شده‌ی ساختمان‌های سه‌بعدی 3 و 6 طبقه‌ی بتن‌آرمه با برون‌محوری‌های جرمی یک‌جهته معادل صفر درصد (متقارن)، 10، 20 و 30 درصد به روش‌های بار افزون (پوش‌اور) و تاریخچه زمانی فزاینده (IDA) غیرخطی تحت اثر 21 رکورد دو مؤلفه‌ای قرار گرفته و عملکرد آنها از طریق محاسبه‌ی پارامترهای طراحی از جمله ضرایب رفتار و اضافه مقاومت، شکل‌پذیری و نیز محاسبه‌ی مقادیر حاشیه‌ی ایمنی در برابر فروریزش و منحنی‌های شکنندگی، ارزیابی شده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که تفاوت اساسی بین رفتار سازه‌های متقارن و نامتقارن از نظر ظرفیت شکل‌پذیری، حاشیه‌ی ایمنی در برابر فروریزش، پارامترهای طراحی و نیز منحنی‌های شکنندگی وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج حاکی از آن است که پارامترهای آیین‌نامه‌ای برای طراحی لرزه‌ای ساختمان‌های دارای برون‌محوری زیاد غیرمحافظه‌کارانه بوده و حتی با افزایش برون‌محوری سازه‌ها از یک مقدار مشخص عملکرد ایمنی جانی در آنها با توجه به معیارهای فروریزش تأمین نمی‌شود. بازنگری در پارامترهای طراحی این نوع ساختمان‌ها برحسب میزان برون‌محوری ضروری به نظر می‌رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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