بهبود عملکرد رفتار سازه نامنظم پیچشی با استفاده از میراگر جرمی تنظیم شده چرخشی

نوع مقاله : یادداشت پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار مهندسی عمران-زلزله، پژوهشکده مهندسی سازه، پژوهشگاه بین المللی زلزله شناسی و مهندسی زلزله، تهران، ایران

چکیده

تجربه زلزله‌های اخیر در کشور نشان می‌دهد که مقدار و گستردگی خسارت وارد شده به ساختمان‌های قاب خمشی که در پلان نامتقارن بودند، به‌مراتب بیشتر از سایر سیستم‌های سازه‌ای است. یکی از راه‌های کاهش این خسارات، استفاده از سیستم‌های کنترلی است که در این پژوهش میزان کارایی برخی انواع کنترل غیرفعال برای کاهش اثر نامنظمی پیچشی در سازه‌های ساختمانی، مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرد. یکی از انواع سیستم‌های مطرح کنترل غیرفعال، میراگر جرمی تنظیم‌شده می‌باشد که معمولاً خود دارای جرم قابل‌توجهی هستند. این موضوع به دلیل آنکه استفاده از آنها را در اجرا محدود می‌کند، می‌تواند نقطه‌ضعفی برای این نوع از سیستم‌ها باشد؛ بنابراین در پژوهش پیش رو علاوه بر آنها، استفاده از سیستم نوین میراگر جرمی تنظیم‌شده چرخشی که دارای جرم کمتری هستند، مورد بررسی قرارگرفته است. برای این منظور، رفتار لرزه‌ای سه ساختمان فاقد میراگر، مجهز به میراگر جرمی تنظیم‌شده و مجهز به میراگر جرمی تنظیم‌شده چرخشی با یکدیگر مقایسه شده‌اند. نتایج تحلیل‌های تاریخچه زمانی غیرخطی تحت پنج رکورد زلزله نشان داد که میراگر جرمی تنظیم‌شده چرخشی با جرم کمتر توانسته عملکرد بهتری داشته باشد. همچنین نتیجه به‌دست‌آمده از تحلیل حساسیت بر نحوه‌ی تنظیم میراگر جرمی چرخشی با تغییر ساختار میراگر و کاهش جرم آن مؤید این است که می‌توان جرم میراگر را تا حدود 50 درصد کاهش داد، بدون اینکه کاهش قابل‌ملاحظه‌ای در کارایی آن ایجاد شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Improving Seismic Behavior of Irregular Buildings by Whirling Tuned Mass Dampers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Shahrokhi Nejad 1
  • Majid Mohammadi 2
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Civil Engineering, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Structural Engineering Research Center, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Buildings should be designed to resist earthquake-induced deflections and internal forces. The experience of recent earthquakes illustrates that the amount and extent of damage in irregular buildings are far more significant than the others. Irregularities in the structural system may amplify structural response leading to significantly more severe damage compared to regular structures. In fact, when irregular structures are subjected to lateral seismic loads, they will experience lateral motion accompanied by torsional rotations, which is due to an eccentricity between the center of mass and the center of stiffness. In other words, structural irregularities decrease the seismic performance of buildings significantly, and they will be heavily damaged as a result of torsional effects on structural elements. Many studies have been conducted on reducing torsional effects on structures. One of the approaches is to apply control systems. In this study, efficiencies of some passive damping controls are investigated to reduce the torsional irregularities in building structures. One type of passive control system is tuned mass dampers (TMD), which usually have a significant mass. Having a great mass can be a drawback for these types of systems and limits their application in practice. Therefore, to eliminate this issue, a new type of tuned mass damper called Whirling Tuned Mass Damper (W-TMD) has been recently introduced in the literature. This type of tuned mass dampers has a smaller mass compared with ordinary TMDs. In the present study, the seismic performance and behavior of ordinary TMD and W-TMD have been investigated and compared. For this purpose, the seismic behavior of three similar buildings, with different controlling systems, having five story steel moment resisting steel structures are compared. The first building does not have any controlling system; however, the last two ones are equipped with TMD or W-TMD. Nonlinear time history analysis results of these buildings under five earthquake records are compared. The applied records are for Northridge, Loma Prieta, Kobe, Imperial Valley, and Chi-Chi earthquakes. The obtained results show that buildings with controlling systems are much better; however, W-TMD has a better performance in reducing the story drift and structural torsional modes, compared to TMD.
Moreover, a sensitivity analysis is carried out on the properties of a W-TMD by changing the method of supplying the required inertia. Two different methods are chosen: the first one has a solid disk but the second has a ring section. The results showed that when W-TMD is fitted with the ring cross-section, not only it has a smaller mass, but also it has a better performance in decreasing the irregularity response of the structure. To be exact, the higher the ratio of the radius of the inner circle to the outer circle of the ring, the greater the amount of inertia will be, and therefore W-TMD requires less mass. Since a W-TMD applies less mass to the structure, it can be an excellent alternative for TMD. If the W-TMD is equipped with a disk section, it has 66% the mass of TMD, while using ring section, it can have 42% of the TMD mass. The obtained results of the sensitivity analysis of W-TMD confirm that the damper mass can be reduced up to 50% without significantly reducing its efficiency. Some damage indices, including drift story, torsional rotation of floor and torsional irregularities coefficient, are considered for evaluating the performance of each model equipped with TMD and W-TMD. It can be concluded that the model equipped with a W-TMD has a much better performance in reducing all damage indices.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Irregular Building
  • Passive Control
  • Whirling TMD
  • Steel Structure
  • Nonlinear Time History Analysis
  • Sensitivity analysis
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