برخی ملاحظات پیرامون مدل ژئوتکنیک لرزه‌ای شهر اراک

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی ژئوتکنیک، گروه مهندسی عمران، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

2 استاد، پژوهشکده مهندسی ژئوتکنیک، پژوهشگاه بین المللی زلزله شناسی و مهندسی زلزله، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، پژوهشکده مهندسی ژئوتکنیک، پژوهشگاه بین المللی زلزله شناسی و مهندسی زلزله، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه مهندسی عمران، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به جمع‌آوری اطلاعات معتبر ژئوتکنیک در شهر اراک‌‌‌‌، ‌مدل‌سازی آبرفت در این منطقه انجام و مطالعات تحلیل دینامیکی آبرفت ‌به‌صورت ‌یک‌بعدی خطی معادل و دو بعدی با استفاده از روش‌‌های عددی انجام و نتایج با یکدیگر مقایسه شده است‌‌‌‌‌‌. ‌‌با توجه به تغییرات فرکانس طبیعی خاک در راستاهای مورد مطالعه می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که در ‌‌ایستگاه‌های با فرکانس طبیعی ساختگاه کمتر‌‌‌‌‌‌، ضخامت رسوبات کمی بیشتر و یا نرم بودن رسوبات کمی بیشتر و یا سنگ کف کمی پایین‌تر (در عمق بیشتری) از ایستگاه‌‌هایی است که دارای فرکانس طبیعی بزرگ‌تری هستند‌‌، همچنین با مشاهده نمودار‌‌های حاصل شده در راستای شمال غربی- جنوب شرقی‌‌‌‌، پریود طبیعی حاصل از تحلیل دینامیکی ‌یک‌بعدی در مقایسه با تحلیل دو بعدی حداکثر 25 درصد اختلاف دارد که اختلاف‌ این موضوع می‌تواند ناشی از ‌‌تأثیر در نظر گرفتن توپوگرافی در تحلیل دو بعدی باشد‌‌‌‌‌‌. ‌‌این در حالی است که در راستای شمال شرقی- جنوب غربی‌‌‌‌، نتایج با یکدیگر نسبتاً تطابق دارد که رفتار ‌یک‌بعدی ساختگاه در این مسیر را نشان می‌دهد‌‌‌‌‌‌. ‌‌همچنین به لحاظ ‌‌طبقه‌بندی تیپ خاک بر مبنای سرعت موج برشی 30 متر فوقانی مطابق ‌‌آیین‌نامه 2800 نوع خاک در شهر اراک گزارش شده است‌‌‌‌.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Some Considerations about the Seismic Geotechnical Model of Arak City

نویسندگان [English]

  • iman raeisizadeh 1
  • mohsen kamalian 2
  • ebrahim haghshenas 3
  • hamid lajevardi 4
1 Ph.D. Studence, Department of Civil Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
2 Professor, Geotechnical Engineering Research Center, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Geotechnical Engineering Research Center, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

During an earthquake, the waves created by the fault activity in the bedrock propagate from deep to the ground. If the layers on the bedrock are alluvial, the amplitude and intensity of the waves will increase as the waves pass through them, and what reaches the ground will be completely different from what is created in the bedrock. Earthquake waves change their nature as they pass through the bedrock and enter another environment. In other words, the characteristics of an earthquake, depending on the physical and dynamic characteristics of the site, can be intensified or weakened at certain frequencies. The amount and intensity of the amplification of the waves depends on the characteristics of the alluvial layers and the initial wave. Considering that the structures and facilities on the ground are affected by these waves, the intensification of the waves can have very destructive effects on buildings and structures. Determining the magnitude of earthquake waves requires analytical work in an area, based on the characteristics of soil layers and earthquake characteristics. Arak is the cradle of Iran's industry and many strategic and important industries of the country are located in this region. For this reason, it has increased the rate of migration to this city and, as a result, has increased the population of the city, and in proportion to that, high-rise and important structures have been widely expanded in the city. Therefore, in view of all the above, seismic zoning is considered for use in the design of existing buildings and structures, and most importantly, vital decisions such as urban planning, comprehensive urban planning, and comprehensive urban planning. Although the importance of the effects of topography on the seismic response of the earth's surface has become clear to everyone today, due to the lack of comprehensive studies, most earthquake-resistant design codes as well as most seismic geotechnical microzoning guidelines have been used since then. The agent refused.
So far, analytical, experimental, numerical and physical modeling methods have been used to study and solve the seismic response of surface topographic features. According to the collection of valid geotechnical information in Arak city, alluvium modeling has been done in this region and alluvial dynamic analysis studies have been performed as one-dimensional linear equivalents and two-dimensional ones using numerical methods and the results have been compared with each other.
Considering the changes in the natural frequency of the soil in the studied directions, it can be concluded that in stations with natural frequency of the site less, the thickness of the sediments is slightly higher or the softness of the sediments is slightly higher or the floor rock is slightly lower (at greater depths) than the stations that have a higher natural frequency, Also, by observing the graphs obtained in the northwest-southeast direction, the natural period resulting from one-dimensional dynamic analysis differs by a maximum of 25% compared to two-dimensional analysis, which may be due to the "effect of considering topography in two-dimensional analysis. This is while in the northeast-southwest direction, the results are relatively consistent with each other, which shows the one-dimensional behavior of the site in this direction. Also, in terms of "classification" of soil type based on the shear wave velocity of the upper 30 meters, according to Regulation 2800, soil type has been reported in Arak.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Arak
  • 1D site effect
  • 2D site effect
  • Amplification
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